News / Aktuelles

 

08.08.2019: New publication / Neue Publikation

 

Luy, Marc; Di Giulio, Paola; Di Lego, Vanessa; Lazarevič, Patrick; Sauerberg, Markus, 2019. “Life Expectancy: Frequently Used, but Hardly Understood”, Gerontology, doi: 10.1159/000500955.

 

Abstract: Period life expectancy is one of the most used summary indicators for the overall health of a population. Its levels and trends direct health policies, and researchers try to identify the determining risk factors to assess and forecast future developments. The use of period life expectancy is often based on the assumption that it directly reflects the mortality conditions of a certain year. Accordingly, the explanation for changes in life expectancy are typically sought in factors that have an immediate impact on current mortality conditions. It is frequently overlooked, however, that this indicator can also be affected by at least three kinds of effects, in particular in the situation of short-term fluctuations: cohort effects, heterogeneity effects, and tempo effects. We demonstrate their possible impact with the example of the almost Europe-wide decrease in life expectancy in 2015, which caused a series of reports about an upsurge of a health crisis, and we show that the consideration of these effects can lead to different conclusions. Therefore, we want to raise an awareness concerning the sensitivity of life expectancy to sudden changes and the menaces a misled interpretation of this indicator can cause.

 

[Link to Article]

 

 

30.05.2019: REVES Poster Award for Patrick Lazarevič

 

Congratulations! Patrick Lazarevič received the REVES Poster Award for his poster

 

A New Short Generic Measure of Health: Is the Minimum European Health Module an Option?

 

Patrick Lazarevič wurde mit dem REVES Poster Awards für oben stehendes Poster ausgezeichnet. Herzlichen Glückwunsch!

 

 

10.05.2019: PhD to Patrick Lazarevic / Promotion von Patrick Lazarevic

 

Patrick Lazarevic successfully defended his PhD thesis at TU Dortmund today. CONGRATULATIONS from the whole DELAG team!!!

 

Patrick Lazarevic hat heute seine Dissertation erfolgreich an der TU Dortmund verteidigt. Das gesamte DELAG Team sagt HERZLICHEN GLÜCKWUNSCH!!!

 

 

08.03.2019: New publication / Neue Publikation

 

Luy, Marc; Zannella, Marina; Wegner-Siegmundt, Christian; Minagawa, Yuka; Lutz, Wolfgang; Caselli, Graziella, 2019. “The impact of increasing education levels on rising life expectancy: a decomposition analysis for Italy, Denmark, and the USA”, Genus 75: 11.

 

Abstract: Significant reductions in mortality are reflected in strong increases in life expectancy particularly in industrialized countries. Previous analyses relate these improvements primarily to medical innovations and advances in health-related behaviors. Mostly ignored, however, is the question to what extent the gains in life expectancy are related to structural changes in the populations due to increasing education levels. We decompose changes of the total populations’ life expectancy at age 30 in Italy, Denmark, and the United States, over the 20-year period between 1990 and 2010 into the effects of education-specific mortality changes (“M effect”) and changes in the populations’ educational structure (“P effect”). We use the “replacement decomposition technique” to further subdivide the M effect into the contributions by the individual education groups. While most of the increases in life expectancy are due to the effect of changing mortality, a large proportion of improvements in longevity can indeed be attributed to the changing structure of the population by level of education in all three countries. The estimated contribution of the P effect ranges from around 15 percent for men in the United States to approximately 40 percent for women in Denmark. This study demonstrates strong associations between education and overall population health, suggesting that education policies can also be seen as indirect health policies.

 

[Link to Article]

 

 

04.02.2019: New publication / Neue Publikation

 

Saikia, Nandita; Bora, Jayanta Kumar; Luy, Marc, 2019: “Socioeconomic disparity in adult mortality in India: estimations using the orphanhood method”, Genus 75: 7.

 

Abstract: Due to a lack of data, no study has yet documented differences in adult life expectancy in India by education, caste, and religion. Our objective was therefore to examine disparities in socioeconomic status (SES) in the adult mortality rate (40q30) and life expectancy at age 15 (e15) in India. We estimated adult mortality by SES with the orphanhood method to analyze information related to the survival of respondents’ parents. We used data from the India Human Development Survey 2011–2012. SES was measured by education, caste, religion, and income of the either deceased adults or their offspring. A consistency analysis between orphanhood estimates and official statistics confirmed the robustness of the estimates. Mortality is higher among adults who are illiterate, belong to deprived castes or tribes, have children with a low level of education, and have a low level of household income. The adult mortality rate varies marginally by religion in India. Life expectancy at 15 (e15) is about 3.50 and 5.7 years shorter for illiterate men and women, respectively, compared with literate men and women. The parameter e15 also varies significantly by educational attainment of offspring. On average, parents of children educated to higher secondary level (and above) gain an extra 3.8–4.6 years of adult life compared to parents of illiterate children. Disparity in e15 by caste and religion is smaller than disparity by education or income. These findings reveal that the adult mortality burden falls disproportionately on illiterate adults and adults with less educated offspring. Thus, educational disparity in adult mortality appears to be prominent in Indian context. In the absence of adult mortality statistics by SES in India, we recommend that large-scale surveys should continue collecting data to allow indirect techniques to be applied to estimate mortality and life expectancy in the country

 

[Link to Article]

 

 

05.12.2018: New publication / Neue Publikation

 

Stöllberger, Claudia; Sauerberg, Markus; Finsterer, Josef, 2019: “Immediate versus delayed detection of Takotsubo syndrome after epileptic seizures”, Journal of the Neurological Sciences 397: 42-47.

 

Abstract: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is often preceded by emotional or physical stress. Epileptic seizures are described in >100 cases. It is unknown whether patients with immediate and delayed detection of seizure-induced TTS differ. We screened the literature and compared clinical and electrocardiographic (ECG) findings. In 48 cases with seizure-associated TTS, the time between seizure and TTS-detection was reported. Troponin levels were elevated in 37/40. ECG abnormalities were negative T-waves(40%), ST-elevations(33%) and ventricular fibrillation/flutter(10%). Immediate detection was reported in 23 patients, in the remaining 25 patients, TTS was detected 5–288 h postictally. Patients did not differ in gender, age or symptoms. Negative T-waves were more frequent in patients with delayed detection(64 vs. 13%, p = .0009), whereas ECG-abnormalities suggesting acute myocardial infarction tended to be more prevalent in patients with immediate detection. Due to lack of typical symptoms, seizure-induced TTS can be overlooked. Postictally, an ECG should be recorded and troponin levels measured. New T-wave inversions might indicate seizure-induced TTS.

 

[Link to Article]

 

 

29.11.2018: New publication / Neue Publikation

 

Lampert, Thomas; Hoebel, Jens; Kroll, Lars Eric; Luy, Marc, 2018: Soziale Unterschiede in der Lebenserwartung [Social differences in life expectancy], Public Health Forum 26(4): 325-327.

 

Abstract: Social differences in mortality can be understood as an extreme form of social and health inequalities. The studies available for Germany prove that the average life expectancy at birth in the socially disadvantaged population groups is about 5–10 years lower than in the socially better-placed population groups. Furthermore, if only the life-time spent in good health is taken into account, the social differences are even greater. Similar social differences in life expectancy are reported for other European countries and also for the USA.

 

Zusammenfassung: Soziale Unterschiede in der Mortalität können als extreme Ausprägungsform sozialer und gesundheitlicher Ungleichheiten verstanden werden. Die für Deutschland vorliegenden Studien sprechen dafür, dass die mittlere Lebenserwartung bei Geburt in den sozial benachteiligten Bevölkerungsgruppen etwa 5–10 Jahre niedriger liegt als in den sozial bessergestellten Bevölkerungsgruppen. Wird nur die bei guter Gesundheit verbrachte Lebenszeit berücksichtigt, fallen die sozialen Unterschiede sogar noch größer aus. Für andere europäische Länder und auch die USA werden ähnlich ausgeprägte soziale Unterschiede in der Lebenserwartung berichtet.

 

[Link to Article]

 

 

31.05.2018: REVES Poster Award for Patrick Lazarevič

 

Congratulations! Patrick Lazarevič received the third prize of the REVES Poster Award for his poster

 

Self-rated health as a generic health measurement? Identifying the health information used and the role of gender, age, and country

 

Patrick Lazarevič wurde mit dem dritten Platz des REVES Poster Awards für oben stehendes Poster ausgezeichnet. Herzlichen Glückwunsch!

 

 

27.04.2018: PAA Poster Award for Markus Sauerberg and Marc Luy

 

Markus Sauerberg and Marc Luy received the PAA Poster Award for their poster

 

Decreasing Life Expectancy in the United States Between 2014 and 2015: Severe Health Crisis or Just Tempo Effects?

 

Markus Sauerberg und Marc Luy erhielten den PAA Poster Award für oben stehendes Poster.

 

 

01.04.2018: New DELAG team member / Neues Mitglied im DELAG-Team

 

The Research Group “Health and Longevity” of the Vienna Institute of Demography welcomes our new team member Patrick Lazarevič (see DELAG Team). Patrick is sociologist and he started his Ph.D. project on methodological difficulties in the examination of age(ing) at the TU Dortmund University. He will continue this work inside the LETHE project (see Projects).

 

Patrick Lazarevič at the VID Website

 

Die Forschungsgruppe “Gesundheit und Langlebigkeit” des Vienna Institute of Demography heißt unser neues Team-Mitglied Patrick Lazarevič herzlich willkommen (siehe DELAG-Team). Patrick ist Soziologe und er begann mit seiner Doktorarbeit zu methodischen Schwierigkeiten in der Untersuchung von Alter(n) an der TU Dortmund. Er wird diese Forschung im Projekt LETHE fortführen (siehe Projekte).

 

 

10.03.2018: Award for Vanessa Di Lego / Auszeichnung für Vanessa Di Lego

 

Vanessa Di Lego et al.’s article “Mortality selection among adults in Brazil: The survival advantage of Air Force officers” was chosen by editors of the journal Demographic Research as one of the very best papers in Volume 37 of Demographic Research. Congratulations!!!

 

[Link to Article]

 

Der Aufsatz „Mortality selection among adults in Brazil: The survival advantage of Air Force officers“ von Vanessa Di Lego et al. wurde von den Herausgebern der Zeitschrift Demographic Research als eine der besten Publikationen des Jahrgangs 37 der Zeitschrift ausgewählt. Herzlichen Glückwunsch!!!

 

 

01.02.2018: New DELAG team member / Neues Mitglied im DELAG-Team

 

The Research Group “Health and Longevity” of the Vienna Institute of Demography welcomes our new team member Vanessa Di Lego (see DELAG Team). Vanessa completed her Ph.D. in demography at the Center for Development and Regional Planning (Cedeplar) in Brazil. Vanessa will work primarily inside the LETHE project (see Projects).

 

Vanessa Di Lego at the VID Website

 

Die Forschungsgruppe “Gesundheit und Langlebigkeit” des Vienna Institute of Demography heißt unser neues Team-Mitglied Vanessa Di Lego herzlich willkommen (siehe DELAG-Team). Vanessa promovierte im Fach Demographie am Center for Development and Regional Planning (Cedeplar) in Brasilien. Ihre Arbeiten werden sich vor allem auf das Projekt LETHE konzentrieren (siehe Projekte).

 

 

20.10.2017: New publication / Neue Publikation

 

Gündüz, Duygu; Lejak, Anita; Wiedemann, Angela; Avanzi, Marion; Winkler, Walther-Benedikt; Ucar-Altenberger, Hadice; Stöllberger, Caludia; Weidinger, Franz, 2017: “Acute coronary syndrome in immigrants and non-immigrants. Results of an Austrian prospective pilot study”, Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 129(23-24): 900-905.

 

Abstract: There are indications that immigrant patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) differ in demographic characteristics and clinical presentation from non-immigrant patients. The aim of this prospective pilot study was to gather clinical and sociodemographic data from patients with ACS and to compare immigrants with non-immigrants. Included were consecutive patients who underwent acute coronary angiography in one cardiological department for ACS from September 2011 to September 2013. Information was gathered about age, sex, results of the coronary angiography, classical risk factors, socioeconomic characteristics as well as ethnicity. Patients who had their place of birth outside Austria were specified as immigrants. A total of 100 patients (29% female) with a mean age of 60 years (range 34–91 years) were included. Of the patients 35 (35%) were immigrants, 12 came from Serbia, 4 from Bosnia, 3 from South America, 2 from Germany, 2 from Turkey, 2 from the Czech Republic, 2 from Croatia, 2 from Macedonia, and 1 each from Bangladesh, Poland, Romania, Libya, Bulgaria and Pakistan. Immigrants tended to be younger on average (56 vs. 62 years, p = 0.04) and had a two or multivessel disease more often than the non-immigrants but this difference was not significant (51% vs. 38%, p = 0.29). There were no differences between non-immigrants and immigrants concerning the classical risk factors for ACS (hypercholesterinemia 60% vs. 69%, nicotine abuse 51% vs. 60%, hypertension 69% vs. 79%) except diabetes mellitus (15% vs. 37%, p = 0.02). Sociodemographic data showed differences in education and socioeconomic status (SES). Non-immigrants had jobs with high skill level more often than immigrants (30% vs. 4%, p = 0.02), although there was no difference between immigrants and non-immigrants in the level of high education (9% each); however, immigrants more often had low education (31% vs. 11%, p = 0.01) and a monthly income below 1000 € than non-immigrants (41% vs. 14%, p = 0.03). These results reveal that immigrants with ACS suffered more often from coronary two or multivessel disease and diabetes mellitus and were slightly younger than non-immigrants, although they did not differ regarding classical risk factors. Results suggest that the lower SES of immigrants compared with non-immigrants might contribute to the severity of coronary heart disease.

 

[Link to Article]

 

 

01.09.2017: Start of the ERC project LETHE / Beginn des ERC-Projekts LETHE

 

Today started our new research ERC project LETHE for the duration of 5 years (until August 2022). It’s main aim will be to better understand the measurement and estimation sensitivity of the “Health Expectancy” indicator (see Projects).

 

Heute startete unser neues ERC-Projekt LETHE für die Dauer von 5 Jahren (bis August 2022). Das Hauptziel liegt im Erlangen eines besseren Verständnisses der Mess– und Schätzempfindlichkeiten des Indikators “Gesunde Lebenserwartung” (siehe Projekte).

 

 

01.08.2017: New DELAG team member / Neues Mitglied im DELAG-Team

 

The Research Group “Health and Longevity” of the Vienna Institute of Demography welcomes our new PhD student Markus Sauerberg (see DELAG Team). Markus studied demography at the University of Rostock and completed successfully the program of the European Doctoral School of Demography. His main tasks will be inside the LETHE project (see Projects).

 

Markus Sauerberg at the VID Website

 

Die Forschungsgruppe “Gesundheit und Langlebigkeit” des Vienna Institute of Demography heißt seinen neuen Doktoranden Markus Sauerberg herzlich willkommen (siehe DELAG-Team). Markus studierte Demographie an der Universität Rostock und absolvierte erfolgreich das Programm der European Doctoral School of Demography. Seine Arbeiten werden sich vor allem auf das Projekt LETHE konzentrieren (siehe Projekte).

 

 

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 Determinants of Longevity and Ageing in Good Health (DELAG)

 

  Austrian Academy of Sciences—Vienna Institute of Demography—Research Group Health and Longevity